An open pleural biopsy is a process to remove and then examine the tissue that lines the inside of chest. A cut is made to access the lung and a piece of the pleura is removed. The biopsy is done to look for infection, lung cancer or any other condition. Open pleural biopsy is done using general anesthesia where a tube is placed through the mouth down the throat to let you breathe. In this surgery, doctor makes a small cut and the ribs are generally separated. Tissue is removed from inside the chest and sent to laboratory for examination. The wound is then closed with the help of stitches.
This test is most often done to remove mesothelioma which is a type of lung tumor. Mesothelioma is caused by inhaled asbestos fibers and forms in the linings of the lungs, abdomen or heart. It occurs in the thin layer of the tissue. This surgery can also be performed when there is fluid in the chest cavity or when a direct view of pleura is required. As far as the risks of open pleural biopsy are concerned, these include bleeding in the lung, infection, air leak etc. These risks vary according to various factors such as general health conditions, age, smoking history and more.
After the procedure is done, one may feel drowsy and pain where the surgical cut has been done. You may have a sore throat from the breathing tube. It is always recommended to follow your doctor’s instructions for eating or drinking before and after the surgery. You should tell your provider about the medicines you take including herbs, supplements etc.
The information shared in this blog is solely for educational purposes and is certainly not a substitute for medical advice. Please contact your healthcare provider for medical issues.